Diabetes is the world’s fastest growing chronic disease. It is estimated that in 2015, 415 million people had diabetes and that by 2040, 642 million people will have diabetes¹
Over 1 million Australians have diagnosed type 2 diabetes² , and for every four people diagnosed there is another that has the condition but doesn’t know it.³ This is known as pre-diabetes –where your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is the name given to a group of conditions in which there is too much glucose in the blood. The pancreas either cannot make insulin or it does not make enough insulin. Without insulin doing its job, glucose builds up in the blood leading to high blood glucose levels.
Types of diabetes include:
• Type 1: An autoimmune condition that destroys insulin producing cells in the pancreas
• Type 2: A metabolic condition where the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin
• Gestational: A metabolic condition which occurs during pregnancy in part due to pregnancy hormones, and in most cases disappears shortly after giving birth
• Pre-diabetes: A condition where your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
How can a Low GI diet help?
There is significant evidence that low GI diets not only decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes4 but also assist in improving the management of diabetes5 . Low GI diets have been shown to improve blood glucose levels, reduce insulin resistance and improve blood cholesterol, which are all important for managing diabetes and reducing the risk of long-term diabetes-related complications6. Low GI and low glycemic load diets also reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.7 It will also lower insulin levels, which makes fat easier to burn and less likely to be stored.
Top tips to help you manage your blood glucose
Want to know more? Download a diabetes fact sheet here.
For a health professional fact sheet click here – more science referencing
Note: To view references please click on the subscript within the relevant paragraph.